After so much delay finally India and Israel Relation is getting momentum and approaching towards the much needed path of bilateral ties, friendship, trade, defense and Intelligence sharing for security which are the needs for both nations for growing economically,militarily and politically in the future .
But that was not the case in the past, the relation suffered alot because of Indian ties with Arab countries and Muslim’s which make 15% of India’s population, which many political parties look them as a massive vote bank in government elections and can not afford to upset them, but after RSS backed BJP govt. come into office after winning 2014 elections in India things are changed and relations between both countries are improving and getting stronger.
INDIA OPPOSITION FOR ISRAEL
Their was a time when India opposed the creation of Israel on Religious lines, the same period when India was partitioned in 1947 by Indian Muslim’s in name of Islam and a new state of Pakistan come into existence which was created for Muslim’s.
In Rule of Congress Party, India voted against the Partitioning of Palestine plan of 1947 and voted against Israel’s admission to the United Nations in 1949. But same time various proponents of Hindu nationalism supported or sympathized with the creation of Israel. Hindu Mahasabha leader Vinayak Damodar Savarkar supported the creation of Israel on both moral and political grounds, and condemned India’s vote at the UN against Israel. Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh leader Madhav Sadashiv Golwalkar admired Jewish nationalism and believed it was the natural territory of the Jewish people, essential to their aspiration for nationhood.
INDIA RECOGNITION OF ISRAEL
On 17 September 1950, India officially recognized the State of Israel. Following India’s recognition of Israel, Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru stated, “we would have recognized Israel long ago, because Israel is a fact. We refrained because of our desire not to offend the sentiments of our friends in the Arab countries. In 1953, Israel was permitted to open a consulate in Bombay (now Mumbai). However, the Nehru government did not want to pursue full diplomatic relations with Israel as it supported the Palestinian cause, and believed that permitting Israel to open an embassy in New Delhi would damage relations with the Arab world. After all India was a weak nation at that time and wanted support from all over the world and especially from the Arab countries which stood by Pakistan in all wars against India by showing Muslim Brotherhood. But After decades of non-aligned and pro-Arab policy, India formally established relations with Israel when it opened an embassy in Tel Aviv in January 1992. Because not a single arab nation ever supported India on Kashmir issue, nor in case of wars which were initiated by Pakistan on India.
After decades of negligence of the diplomatic ties between both the countries the formal relations established by the trip of first ever Israeli president Ezer Weizman visit to India in 1997 and then by L.K Advani the first Indian minister to visit the state of Israel which opens the door for the exchanges of the Indian and Israeli minister vice versa bilateral relations and friendship between two countries.
MILITARY AND STRATEGIC TIES
Soon, after the establishment of diplomatic ties. The military ties between the two countries were established which results in Intelligence sharing and purchasing of Israeli defense equipment and weapons which worth billion dollars by India which were much needed for its security needs by making India the biggest purchaser of Israeli Arms and equipment and Israel the third biggest arms supplier to India after Russia and United states.
In recent years their are also many exchange of visits between the general or military officers of the both countries and most recently naval port visits also
Bilateral trade between India and Israel grew from $200 million in 1992 to $4.52 billion in 2014. As of 2014, India is Israel’s tenth-largest trade partner and import source, and seventh-largest export source. In 2007, Israel proposed starting negotiations on a free trade agreement with India, and in 2010, then Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh accepted that proposal.The agreement is set to focus on many key economic sectors, including information technology, biotechnology, water management, pharmaceuticals, and agriculture. In 2013, then Israeli Minister of economy Naftali Bennett projected the doubling of trade from $5 to $10 billion between the two countries, if a free trade agreement was successfully negotiated. As of 2015, negotiations on a free trade agreement continue, with both countries considering negotiating a more narrow free trade agreement on goods, followed by separate agreements on trade in investment and services.
As of 2017, the trade and investments is increasing between both the country and will be in favor for the state of Israel because India’s is one of the biggest consumer market of the world with over 7 trillion $ ppp gdp and now the Indian economy is the fastest economy of the world.
Around 40,000 Israelis, many of whom have just finished military service,visit India annually. There are dozens of Chabad-operated community centers in India, where many Israelis celebrate holidays and observe religious traditions. Popular destinations for Israelis include Goa,the Himalayas, Old Manali, Vashisht, Naggar, Kasol, and the villages surrounding Dharamsala. In many of these areas, Hebrew signs on businesses and public transportation are widely noticeable and now the trend is also reversing by more Indian tourists in Israel than the Israeli tourists in India and this trend and no. will only grow because their are millions of young Indian’s which wants to travel to explore the world in the near future.
The relation between both the countries might have improved but will always suffer because of India’s much needed relations with Arab countries which are needed because of India’s energy needs which is increasing day by day, their are millions of Indian’s working in Arab countries and 15% of India’s population compromises of Muslims which sees Israel as enemy of Islam and have sympathy towards Palestine cause.